## SDE-2 Interview Questions

- 0of 0 votes
You have an organizational structure, which shows hierarchy of the organization. This hierarchy contains employees E or managers M who has some Employees or Managers reporting to M. Employee has ( id, name, JobDesc, salary etc). Design the data structure you would be using to store this hierarchy

1: Given an ID of an employee , print all the employee ID's who are directly reporting or indirectly reporting to the manager.

2. Given a bonus and performance rating of each employee divide it to the lowest level employees(in the hierarchy ) in the ratio of their rating. i.e 100 divided among 2:3 is 40 and 60. and print the bonus of each

3. Top 10 employees with ratio of bonus:salary

Note :-

1) Employee can have only 1 mgr, and a mgr has 1+ employees.

2) Input can be in any order for ex- employees might be input before his manager.

- 1of 1 vote
There are discounts on particular time period

suppost

Day1 - Day5 => 10%

Day2 - Day 8 => 5%

Day4 - Day6 => 20 %

find the period where maximum discounts is available.

For above example the period is Day4 - Day5 => 10+5+20

that means 35%

Provide the generalize solution. Period can be time also.

- 4of 4 votes
Sparse number is an integer if there are no adjacent 1 in it's binary representation.

Like: 5 -> 101 (no adjacent 1)

9 -> 1001 (no adjacent 1)

while 6-> 110 is not sparse number.

Now you are given an integer find the NEXT BIGGER sparse number.Please mind 'it is next bigger'.

- 0of 0 votes
You are to concatenate n strings (concatenate in any order) and a function:

int strCat(str1, str2); // returns the concatenated str length

Concatenate all strings in any order so that total cost is minimum.

Example: Strings A="abc", B="wxyz", C="a"

Cost of strCat(A,B) = (3+4) = 7

Cost of strCat(AB,C) = 7+1 = 8

Total cost = 7+8 =15

Other way:

Cost of strCat (A,C) = 3+1 = 4,

Cost of strCat (AC,B) = 4+4 = 8

Total Cost = 4+8 = 12

In this case, min(12,15) = 12 so Ans=12.

- 0of 0 votes
Assume a Game where a player can jump from one step to other to reach the final step.

From any given step Player can go to another step in any direction North, South, East or West. (i.e ) from Any given step user has a choice of multiple steps to choose from to proceed towards final step.

Some steps may not lead you in right direction to final step, in that case he need to retrace back.

To jump from one step to another Player uses a ladder. Distance between adjacent steps is not constant, they differ for each pair.

What is longest length of a ladder needed for the player to reach the final step from the starting step.

- 0of 0 votes
Implement a MessageBroker which accept messages from Publisher and deliver to Subscriber.

To begin with start with single Publisher and Subscriber. But design it in such a way to scale up to many publisher and subscriber associated with a Single Broker.

Take Performance and parallel processing into consideration.

- 0of 0 votes
A mechanical engineer is writing a design specification for two gears to transmit motion between two parts, A and B, in a machine she is designing.

the distance between A and B is equal to D.

There are n types of gears, Agear type of i has a radius Rj and cost Cj.

The two gears specified, i and j , must have Ri+Rj >= D, inorder for there to be a way of placing them so that they touch and work togeather. The objective is

to find the pair which costs the least.

You need to produce a design table that gives the most suitable match for every gear type in the list. For every gear type 'i', you need to consider its description (Ri,Ci)

and list the gear type 'j' to pair with 'i' in table position T[i]. The best map might be the same type(Ti=i). if there are multiple solutions with the same cost,

choose the gear with the largest radius.If both the cost and radius you need are found in more than one gear type, choose the type with the smallest index j.

If no radius can be found that allow the distance D to be covered, table should contain 0.

Input

n D

R1 R2 ... Rn

C1 C2 ... Cn

Output

T1 T2 ... Tn

- 0of 0 votes
You are given heights of n candles .

First day you lit one candle

second day you need to lit two candles

Third day you need to lit three candles

..........

........

till possible.

After lighting candles the height of candles deduced by 1 each day.You can also extinguish any candle you want but only at the end of day.

So you need to tell the maximum number number of days , you can carry on lighting the candles.

Example : there are three candles of heights {2 , 2 ,2 }

Answer : 3

1.You light first candle on day one. heights -> {1,2,2}

2.You light second and third and extinguish first one . heights ->{1, 1,1}

3.You light all the candles. heights -{0,0,0}

- 0of 0 votes
Given a 2 D array with m Entry points (which are on the edges) and n exit points which are on the edges give the total number of paths that are possible.

- 0of 2 votes
Given an array A[1...N] of positive integers, you have to sort it in ascending order in the following manner : In every operation, select any 2 non-overlapping sub-arrays of equal length and swap them. i.e, select two sub-arrays A[i...(i+k-1)] and A[j...(j+k-1)] such that i+k-1< j and swap A[i] with A[j], A[i+1] with A[j+1] ... and A[i+k-1] with A[j+k-1].

**Example:**

For n=6

6 7 8 1 2 3

Only one operation is needed as after swapping (6 7 8) and (1 2 3 ) sub arrays

we can get 1 2 3 6 7 8 , that is sorted.

How can we figure out minimum number of swaps in most effective way ?

- 0of 0 votes
Scenario : Multi Seller E-commerce Website

Given a list of products in a customer basket find the minimum number of seller required to deliver his order,so as to optimise shipping part.

Assuming you have already have below data

Customer orders products : P1,P2,P3,P4,P5,P6

Products and seller mapping

P1 = [1,2,3,4]

P2=[2,4,5,6]

where 1,2,3 etc denotes seller_ids.

p1

- 0of 0 votes
For a given matrix, find the maximum product of k elements. The elements can be formed from continuous 4 elements horizontally, vertically or diagonally. Eg: For k= 4, the maximum product is (6*4*7*9) from the last column,

1 2 0 -1 4

3 1 2 4 6

0 2 3 1 4

1 3 2 0 7

2 1 3 2 9

- 0of 0 votes
Given a function rev(int i) which reverses the segment of array ar[] from 0-i, Implement a function sort() using rev().

- 0of 0 votes
Design your own String Pooling system. It should return a String with request of more length. String pool should have strings of different sizes available. When requested, it should just be returned to client and when client is done using string, it should be added back to string pool for other client to use.

- 1of 1 vote
You have a file with 100 billion URLS, find first unique URL.

- 1of 1 vote
Design a data structure for following operations in O(1) time.:

insert

remove (FIFO)

find MODE

- 0of 0 votes
Design an LRU cache, where you remove an element not only by time lapsed since last used but also by a cost associated with each element. F(t, c) is a method to find weight for each element. Where c is cost and t is time since last used.

- 1of 1 vote
Design a TinyURL like Service.

- 0of 0 votes
you have experience with a 3x3 Sudoku.Think about 2*2 sudoku:

The array has 4 rows and 4 columns.

The numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4, each appears exactly once in each row.

The numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4, each appears exactly once in each column.

The numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4, each appears exactly once in the 2x2 square formed by the intersection of rows 1, 2 and columns 1, 2.

The numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4, each appears exactly once in the 2x2 square formed by the intersection of rows 1, 2 and columns 3, 4.

The numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4, each appears exactly once in the 2x2 square formed by the intersection of rows 3, 4 and columns 1, 2.

The numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4, each appears exactly once in the 2x2 square formed by the intersection of rows 3, 4 and columns 3, 4.

Your task is:

1. Count all possible different solutions of the 2*2 sudoku.

2.Print all solutions.

3.Store all solutions.

- -1of 1 vote
Design a site similar to junglee.com. Assume you are given a crawler, design a distributed system , what ds will you use , some basic api’s etc.

- 0of 0 votes
Write a code to find if a link list is palindrome . Linklist consists variable string at each node. for eg

a->bcd->ef->g->f->ed->c->ba

The above given linklist is palindrome and func shd return - True

- 2of 2 votes
Design and Implement a Telephone database structure in which a Customer Entry has PhoneNum,Name,Address.

a) Given any PhoneNum return all the Customer details

b) Given any Name list all the Entries (As Name can be duplicate, only PhoneNum is unique)

c) Also Name searching should support Prefix Based.

- 2of 2 votes
Constructing Bridges:

A River that cuts through a set of cities above and below it. Each city above the river is matched with a city below the river.

Construct as many Non-Crossing Bridges as possible.

Input:

Above Bank >> 7 4 3 6 2 1 5

Below Bank >> 5 3 2 4 6 1 7

are given in pairs: (7,5) (4,3) (3,2) (6,4) (2,6) (1,1) (5,7)

Output:

(1,1) (3,2) (4,3) (6,4) (7,5)

- 3of 3 votes
given a pre and post order kindof a traversal (2 arrays) create an n-ary treee out of it with struct of the form :

struct node {

int data;

struct node *child[MAX];

int child_num;

}

- 0of 0 votes
Implement the divide of two integers without using the divide operator.

After implementing the O(n) algorithm to subtract the divisor from the divider, he asked me to implement a better algorithm.

I started working towards bit manipulation, but ran out of time.

He also hinted that I could have used binary search. Not sure how though.

- 0of 0 votes
Given a stack of magazines create an anonymous love note (pick words or alphabets from the magazine and create the note)...

He gave me the choice of handling words or alphabets

Assume you have a scanned copy of the magazine as a string.

Once I implemented both words and alphabets, he asked me to scale it to mass production and maximize the throughput of a fulfillment center handling this

- 2of 2 votes
Design a robot that will take your order and make sandwiches for you.

Once I was done with this, I was supposed to extend it to have multiple robots doing this job like an assembly line handling multiple sandwiches and other edible items

Once I handled that, he asked me to create a web service for this that will handle online ordering. He also wanted me to implement fulfillment centers

- 1of 1 vote
Write code/ logic to count number of words in a string delimited by " ". Anything apart form " " are ignore for the counting. String could be very big as big as 5 GB of data. So add logic to handle such large strings..

ex: aaa b c ddd e = Count (5)

aaaaaaaaaaa = Count(1)

a

b

c

d

Count(1) as there are no spaces rather carriage returns are found.

PS: In case above question is not clear do let me know.

- 1of 3 votes
Given two input string check if anyone is substring of other.

example aaaaaabbb, aaaabbb

return true

PS: Don't use any internal string library :)

- 0of 0 votes
Given a array of positive integers, you have to find the smallest positive integer that can not be formed from the sum of numbers from array.