## SDE1 Interview Questions

- 0of 0 votes
Print elements of a matrix in spiral form.

- 0of 0 votes
It was an over email interview:

Write a program that takes as input a sufficiently large text document (several are available online for testing; e.g. via Project Gutenberg), and produces as output (via stdout) an alphabetical listing of each unique word in the document (case insensitive and space separated, though be careful to consider hyphenated words), along with the lines from the input document that the word appears on. Each unique word (and the list of lines that it appears on) should be on a separate line in the output.

For example, taking the following text as input:

This is

some kind OF text it

Is an example of text

The following would be the output:

an 3

example 3

is 1 3

it 2

kind 2

of 2 3

some 2

text 2 3

this 1

- -1of 1 vote
C++ Questions

- -2of 2 votes
Find sum of n elements after kth smallest element in BST. Tree is very large, you are not allowed to traverse the tree.

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There are Items[I1, I2, I3, I4] available in warehouses [W1, W2, W3, W4, W5] and serviceable by multiple partners with some shipping cost.

I1 available in W1

– serviceable by these partners S1[0.75 -shipping cost/selection cost], S2 [0.74], S3 [0.70]

available in W2

– serviceable by these partners S1[0.75], S2 [0.74], S3 [0.70]

available in W3

– serviceable by these partners S1[0.80], S2 [0.74], S3 [0.70]

I2 available in W4

– serviceable by these partners S2[0.85], S3 [0.94], S4[0.30]

available in W3

– serviceable by these partners S1[0.80], S2 [0.74], S3 [0.70]

I3 available in W1

– serviceable by these partners S1[0.85], S2 [0.55], S3 [0.70]

available in W2

– serviceable by these partners S1[0.80], S2 [0.54], S3 [0.70]

I4 available in W4

– serviceable by these partners S2 [0.74], S3 [0.70], S4[0.30]

available in W2

– serviceable by these partners S1[0.85], S2 [0.80], S3 [0.70]

available in W3

– serviceable by these partners S1[0.80], S2 [0.74], S3 [0.70]

You have to optimally select the items so that total cost will be minimum.

Ex: I can make a shipment from I1, I2, I4 fulfilled by W3 which will cost:

for partner S1: 2.40

for partner S2: 2.22

for partner S3: 2.10

Another Shipment I3 fulfilled by W2 which will cost: S2 [0.54]

Total cost: 2.10+0.54 = 2.64 with Shipment SH1 {I1,I2,I4} By S3 and SH2 {I3} by S2

Another possible way

I1, I3, I4 serviceable by W2 by Provider S2 : 2.08

I2 serviceable by W4 by S4: 0.30

Total cost: 2.38

So the shipments with minimum cost can be delivered/selected.

Write a program for the same to get optimum minimum cost for the number of shipments can be delivered from warehouses with shipping cost?

“If you ship multiple items in single packet, then the cost will be minimum. Assume Shipment Provider charges per packet and not on the weight and packing charges will be minimum. Idea is to consolidate/aggregate as many items as possible to one location so that packaging cost is minimum and on top of that you should consider warehouse selection cost.”

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Given a nxn matrix, with partially filled cells of numbers from 1..n and the rest with 0's. Fill the cells such each row and column has numbers 1 to n without any repetition.

Eg:

[

[1, 2, 0],

[0, 1, 0],

[0, 0, 1]

]

[

[1, 2, 3],

[3, 1, 2],

[2, 3, 1]

]

- 1of 1 vote
Given an NxN grid with an array of lamp coordinates. Each lamp provides illumination to every square on their x axis, every square on their y axis, and every square that lies in their diagonal (think of a Queen in chess). Given an array of query coordinates, determine whether that point is illuminated or not. The catch is when checking a query all lamps adjacent to, or on,…

- 0of 0 votes
Function to print shortestpathsum between start and end node of given weighted undirected graph

Comlite the function:

ShortestPathSum(graph g,start,end)

Node(1)----wieght--->node(2)

Node(2)--weight-->node(3)

Node(2)----W----node(4)

Node(3)-----w----->node(5)

Node(4)---w--->node(5)

suppose node(1) is stat node and node(5) is end node

Please write the complite function

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You are a string conscious guy. You categorise strings into 3 types: good, bad, mixed. If a string has 3 consecutive vowels or 5 consecutive consonants or both, it is bad. Else it is good. If a string has ‘?’, that can be replaced with any character. Thus, string ‘?aa’ can be bad if ‘?’ is vowel or good if consonant. Thus, it is mixed. Implement function which takes string s as input and returns good, bad or mixed

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You are a musician who plays different songs at different volumes. You have a particular difference that needs to be present for new song, but you don't care if it is more or less. You are given initial volume l, array of volume changes where arr[i] is volume change required after i-th song, max_vol h (min vol always 0), array size n. You need to find the max possible volume for the last song. But if at any point change is not possible, return -1. Format: n, arr[n], l, h. Ex: 3, 1 1 1, 0, 5. Ans: 3. Ex: 4, 9 1 5 4, 8, 15. Ans: -1. Ex: 3, 5 3 7, 5, 10. Ans: 10.

Input explanation :

First number = size of array,

then next ‘n’ numbers of array.

Then ‘l’ means initial volume

Then ‘h’ means max volume.

Eg. 3, 1 1 1, 0, 5 means n = 3, arr = {1,1,1}, l = 0, h = 5,

Output explanation: initially you play music at vol 0, then for first arr element. Arr[0] inc. by 1,

Arr[1] inc. by 1, arr[2] inc by 1 total = 3

- 0of 0 votes
Implement method:

`Lìst<Range> getRanges(Lìst<Shard> shards, Lìst<Key> keys)`

That returns list of ranges. Each range represents multiple keys aggregated over a shard:

n-keys —> 1-shard —> l-range

Method should return no more than 1 range per shard that spans all keys or their parts belonging to this shard.

Each of the ‘Range` , 'Shard’ and ‘Key’ classes have ‘end’ and ‘start’ fields of int type, where ‘start’ is inclusive and ‘end’ is exclusive.

Example:`1—9, 12—59, 100—999 <— shards (input) 2—3, 6—8, 11—20, 200—220 <— keys (input) 2—8, 12—20, 200—220 <— ranges (output)`

- 1of 1 vote
A list of words is given and a bigger string given how can we find whether the string is a permutation of the smaller strings.

eg- s= badactorgoodacting dict[]={'actor','bad','act','good'] FALSE

eg- s= badactorgoodacting dict[]={'actor','bad','acting','good'] TRUE

The smaller words themselves don't need to be permuted. The question is whether we can find a ordering of the smaller strings such that if concatenated in that order it gives the larger string

One more constraint - some words from dict[] may also be left over unused

- 0of 0 votes
Given the following inputs, return a list of rooms that are available and large enough:

# of people

Start Time

End Time

You should return

total list of rooms

capacity of each rooms

availability

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The stepping number:

A number is called as a stepping number if the adjacent digits are having a difference of 1. For eg. 123,121,9878 are all stepping numbers. While 890, 098,012 are not i.e. a number should not start with 0.

Also all 1-digit numbers are stepping numbers.

Find out how many stepping numbers exist with number of digits =N (input given)

- 2of 2 votes
10000 cameras, 100 hours of video each. 30 fps. Police need to input a plate number and find the path of a suspicious vehicle. (Estimate the size of the video, e.g., blueray disc is 2 hours and 20 GB. No need to scan all of the videos. Estimate the time that a vehicle can be seen between 2 traffic cameras, e.g., 0.3 miles and 30 miles per hour, then select 1 out of 100). Web client, load balancer, servers, db.

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How do I solve this simple geometrical programming problem?

https://s32.postimg.org/sm75dimol/hurdle1.jpg

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How do I find the longest possible route in a matrix?

There are some hurdles in the path.

Details in image : https://s31.postimg.org/7nwp4gmzv/hurdle1.jpg

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Problem : Christmas Tree

Chirag is a boy. And his one and only dream is to meet Santa Claus. He decided to decorate a Christmas tree for Santa on coming Christmas. Chirag made an interesting Christmas tree that grows day by day.

The Christmas tree is comprised of the following

Parts

Stand

Each Part is further comprised of Branches. Branches are comprised of Leaves.

How the tree appears as a function of days should be understood. Basis that print the tree as it appears on the given day. Below are the rules that govern how the tree appears on a given day. Write a program to generate such a Christmas tree whose input is number of days.

Rules:

If tree is one day old you cannot grow. Print a message "You cannot generate christmas tree"

Tree will die after 20 days; it should give a message "Tree is no more"

Tree will have one part less than the number of days.

E.g.

On 2nd day tree will have 1 part and one stand.

On 3rd day tree will have 2 parts and one stand

On 4th day tree will have 3 parts and one stand and so on.

Top-most part will be the widest and bottom-most part will be the narrowest.

Difference in number of branches between top-most and second from top will be 2

Difference in number of branches between second from top and bottom-most part will be 1

Below is an illustration of how the tree looks like on 4th day

https://s31.postimg.org/5s1txk4zf/christmas_tree.jpg

https://s32.postimg.org/i2c6i850l/christmas_tree_2.jpg

- 0of 0 votes
Given some resources in the form of linked list you have to canceled out all the resources whose sum up to 0(Zero) and return the remaining list.

E.g-->> 6 -6 8 4 -12 9 8 -8

the above example lists which gets canceled :

6 -6

8 4 -12

8 -8

o/p : 9

case 3 : 4 6 -10 8 9 10 -19 10 -18 20 25

O/P : 20 25

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In an incoming stream of +ve integers, return true if 2 numbers with sum equal to 10 has occurred till now.

How to handle stream of numbers

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Given an array,find all valid ip-address form this array.

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Find the number of column-swaps required to find the largest rectangle of all ones in a matrix.

The question is similar to the one in this link-

http://www.geeksforgeeks.org/find-the-largest-rectangle-of-1s-with-swapping-of-columns-allowed/

But we need to find the number of minimum swaps required

- 0of 0 votes
Write a function that takes a string of javascript code as parameter and returns a new string with these literals standardized on double quotes.

For example if the input is

/* This method says 'hello'*/

function sayHello()

{alert('hello')}

The out put should be

/* This method says 'hello'*/

function sayHello()

{alert("hello")}

The quoted text in the code section of the function should be changed to double quotes. The quotes used in the comments section should be left alone.

static string standardizeJavaScript(string inputJavaScript)

{

string temp = string.Empty;

if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(inputJavaScript))

return inputJavaScript;

bool updateQuote = false;

string output = string.Empty;

string[] split = inputJavaScript.Split('\n');

for (int i = 0; i < split.Length; i++)

{

if (split[i].Contains("{"))

updateQuote = true;

//if (split[i].Contains("{"))

// updateQuote = false;

if (updateQuote)

{

split[i] = split[i].Replace("'", "\"");

output = output +"\n" + (split[i]);

}

}

return output;

}

- 0of 0 votes
Write a function that will give the number of intersections between 2 strings. The function should take two string parameters which represents 2 words that may or may not intersect.The method should return the count of intersections which are found. For example, if the input is word 1 - Sales, word 2 - isles. The out put should be 4.

The word sales and isle intersects in 4 places.

1. The 2nd letter of isle intersects with the 1st letter of sales.

2. The 2nd letter of isle intersects with the 5th letter of sales.

3. The 3rd letter of isle intersects with the 3rd letter of sales.

4. The 4th letter of isle intersects with the 4th letter of sales.`static int numberOfIntersections(string word1, string word2) { if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(word1) || string.IsNullOrEmpty(word2)) return 0; string shorterWord = string.Empty; string longerWord = string.Empty; //Identify the shorter word and the longer word if (word1.Length < word2.Length) { shorterWord = word1.Trim(); longerWord = word2.Trim(); } else { shorterWord = word2.Trim(); longerWord = word1.Trim(); } //Create a dictionary with the characters of the shorter word Dictionary<char, int> lookup = new Dictionary<char, int>(); Dictionary<char, int> duplicates = new Dictionary<char, int>(); foreach (char c in shorterWord) { if (!lookup.ContainsKey(c)) lookup.Add(c, 0); else { if (!duplicates.ContainsKey(c)) duplicates.Add(c, 1); else duplicates[c] += 1; } } //update the count of characters if the character is present in the longer word foreach (char c in longerWord) { if (lookup.ContainsKey(c)) { lookup[c] += 1; } } //get the count of letters that has value greater than 0 var totalCount = lookup.Sum(l => l.Value); int dupCount =0; //get the letters that are common and have duplicates foreach(KeyValuePair<char,int> d in duplicates) { if(lookup[d.Key] > 0) { dupCount += (lookup[d.Key] * duplicates[d.Key]); } } return totalCount + dupCount; }`

- 2of 2 votes
You want to design a Cab system which will show you nearest 5 taxis.

Each taxi will continuously emit (x,y) coordinates.

You need to print the nearest taxi from (p,q).

- 2of 2 votes
You want to design a Cab system which will show you nearest 5 taxis.

Each taxi will continuously emit (x,y) coordinates.

You need to print the nearest 5 taxis from (p,q).

- 1of 1 vote
Alternate sorting: Given an array of integers, rearrange the array in such a way that the first element is first maximum and second element is first minimum.

Eg.) Input : {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7}

Output : {7, 1, 6, 2, 5, 3, 4}

- 0of 0 votes
Given a two dimensional array of string like

<”luke”, “shaw”>

<”wayne”, “rooney”>

<”rooney”, “ronaldo”>

<”shaw”, “rooney”>

Where the first string is “child”, second string is “Father”. And given “ronaldo” we have to find his no of grandchildren Here “ronaldo” has 2 grandchildren. So our output should be 2.

- 0of 0 votes
Rotate the matrix elements

For 3*3 matrix

Input

1 2 3

4 5 6

7 8 9

Output:

4 1 2

7 5 3

8 9 6

For 4*4 matrix

Input:

1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16

Output:

5 1 2 3

9 10 6 4

13 11 7 8

14 15 16 12

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Given a set of numbers like <10, 36, 54,89,12> we want to find sum of weights based on the following conditions

1. 5 if a perfect square

2. 4 if multiple of 4 and divisible by 6

3. 3 if even number

And sort the numbers based on the weight and print it as follows

<10,its_weight>,<36,its weight><89,its weight>

Should display the numbers based on increasing order.